Project Description

Coppersmith Barbet


The Coppersmith Barbet, crimson-breasted barbet or coppersmith, is a bird with bright colours. It’s best known metronomic call that has been likened to a coppersmith striking metal with a hammer.

(Click on image to view on fullscreen)

Facts & Details:

  • Scientific Name: Megalaima haemacephala
  • Category: Perching Birds
  • Sexes: Sexes are alike
  • Size: 16-17 cm
  • Weight: 30-53 g
  • Nesting Period: February to- April
  • Current Population Trend: Increasing
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern (LC) [IUCNREDLIST]


Black-bordered yellow face with black eye stripes, red forecrown and throat patch. Bill stout and dark. Upper parts are grass green and underparts yellowish-green diffusely streaked with darker green. Like other barbets, they chisel out a hole inside a tree to build their nest.

Geographical Range:

These Barbet lives in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka to SW China, Malaysia, Sumatra and the Philippines.

Habitat, Diet & Behaviour:

Habitat: Light forests, groves, city gardens, roadside trees.

Diet: These barbet feeds on the wide variety of fruits such as figs, berries and mangoes. But it also consumes insects too such as beetles, mantis and crickets.

Behaviour: Coppersmith Barbet forages alone or in the pair in the tree canopy and on fruiting trees. They are single or in small groups in trees. During courtship displays, the pair may utter duets, and perform courtship feeding. We can hear more songs. The bird puffs the throat feathers, moves the head by turning and bobbing, and flicks the tail.

Regional Names:

  • Gujarati: કંસારો
  • Hindi: छोटा बसन्ता
  • Malayalam: ചെമ്പുകൊട്ടി
  • Marathi: तांबट, पुकपुक्या, जुकटुक, कोकरोच (आदिवासी भाग)
  • Nepali: मिलचरा, तमौटेचरा
  • Punjabi: ਛੋਟਾ ਬਸੰਤਾ
  • Tamil: செம்மார்புக் குக்குறுவான்
  • French: Barbu à plastron rouge
  • German: Kupfer-Schmiedbartvogel
  • Spanish: Barbudo calderero